Bumi reservoir air perspektif penafsiran al-qur'an (studi tafsir ekologis al-qur'an surah al-mu'minun ayat 18)

Munawarah, Munawarah (2019) Bumi reservoir air perspektif penafsiran al-qur'an (studi tafsir ekologis al-qur'an surah al-mu'minun ayat 18). Undergraduate thesis, IAIN Palangka Raya.

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Abstract

Permasalahan kualitas dan kuantitas air semakin memprihatinkan dari masa ke masa. Krisis air, banjir, penurunan muka tanah, intrusi dan naiknya permukaan air laut menjadi ancaman serius yang dihadapi masyarakat modern dewasa ini. Perilaku dekstruktif dan pengeksploitasian sumber daya air secara besar-besaran serta pengelolaan alam yang tidak beraturan membuat ekosistem di bumi menjadi tidak seimbang dan pada akhirnya menimbulkan bencana.
Jenis penelitian dalam skripsi ini ialah library research. Metode Tematik (al-dira>sah al-mawd}u’iyyah), dengan pendekatan tafsir ekologi. Dari hasil penelitian ini ditemukan bahwa QS.Al-Mu’minun/23:18 menghendaki pemahaman sumber daya air berbasis budaya positif dan konstruktif terhadap reservoir air bumi. Penafsiran periode klasik dan pertengahan tidak menjelaskan secara rinci dan sistematik tentang bagaimana manusia sebaiknya mengelola dan melakukan pola relasi terhadap sumber daya air. Hal itu bisa dimengerti sebab problem ekologis ketika itu tidak separah sekarang ini. Adapun, penafsiran periode modern-Kontemporer, kajian titik metafisika sains telah menyumbangkan pengaruh yang kuat dalam penafsiran periode ini.
Tafsir ekologi akan menumbuhkan prinsip-prinsip etis-teologis dalam bersikap, yang pada tahap selanjutnya menjadi acuan dalam pengelolaan sumber daya air, adapun prinsip-prinsip yang dimaksud antara lain: prinsip al-‘adalah (justice), yakni tidak berlaku aniaya terhadap alam dan lingkungan. Prinsip al-tawâzun (keseimbangan). Prinsip al- intifa’ dûn al-fasad, mengambil manfaat tanpa merusak. Prinsip al-ri’âyah dûn al-isrâf, yakni memelihara dan merawat. Prinsip al-tahdits waal-istikhlaf, yakni pembaharuan sumber daya alam yang bisa diperbaharui. Upaya pelestarian tersebut harus dilaksanakan di atas tiga pilar penyangga kokoh, yaitu pilar politik, pilar pendidikan, dan pilar budaya.

ABSTRACT
The problem of water quality and quantity has become increasingly concerning from time to time. Water crisis, flooding, land subsidence, intrusion and rising sea levels are a serious threat facing modern society today. Destructive behaviour, exploitation of water resources on a large scale, and irregular management of nature makes the ecosystem on earth become unbalanced and ultimately lead to disaster.
This type of library research uses the Thematic method (al-dira> sah al-mawd} u'iyyah), with an ecological interpretation approach. From the results of this study it was found that in QS.Al-Mu'minun / 23: 18 there’s an understanding of water resources based on positive and constructive culture of the . The classical and medieval interpretations do not explain in detail and systematically how humans should manage and carry out patterns of relations to water resources. That is understandable because ecological problems are not as severe as they are today. Meanwhile, the interpretation of the modern-contemporary period, the study of the metaphysical point of science has contributed a strong influence in the interpretation of this period.
Ecological interpretation will foster ethical-theological principles in attitude, which in the next stage becomes a reference in the management of water resources, while the principles referred to include: the principle of al-'adalah (justice), which does not apply to the destruction of nature and environment. The principle of al-Tawazun (balance). The principle of al-intifa 'dûn al-fasad, taking benefits without destructing. The principle of al-ri'âyah dûn al-isrâf, namely maintaining and caring. The principle of al-tahdits waal-istikhlaf, namely renewal of renewable natural resources. These conservation efforts must be carried out on three solid pillars, namely the political pillar, the education pillar, and the cultural pillar.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Al-qur'an ; Tafsir
Subjects: 22 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 2204 Religion and Religious Studies > 220403 Islamic Studies
Divisions: Fakultas Ushuluddin, Adab dan Dakwah > Jurusan Ushuluddin > Program Studi Ilmu al-Qur'an dan Tafsir
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email daniaty_marina@yahoo.com
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2020 07:40
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2020 07:40
URI: http://digilib.iain-palangkaraya.ac.id/id/eprint/1805

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