Penetapan status hukum jenis kelamin penderita ambiguous genitalia dalam pandangan ulama kota palangka raya

Liani, Siti (2018) Penetapan status hukum jenis kelamin penderita ambiguous genitalia dalam pandangan ulama kota palangka raya. Undergraduate thesis, IAIN Palangka Raya.

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Abstract

Kasus kelamin ganda atau Ambiguous Genitalia ini merupakan kasus yang jarang terjadi pada kelahiran 1:5000 di dunia. Apabila tidak ditanggani akan berimbas pada masalah status hukum, apa dia dihukumi laki-laki atau perempuan. Hal ini juga berimbas pada masalah ibadah, munakahat, muamalah, waris dan lain-lain. Sehingga dalam penelitian ini berfokus pada masalah status hukum jenis kelamin penderita ambiguous genitalia dalam hukum positif dan akibat hukum setelah penetapan jenis kelamin oleh Pengadilan Negeri pada hal imam shalat dan wali nikah menurut pandangan ulama kota Palangka Raya.
Penelitian ini memiliki dua rumusan masalah yakni: (1) Bagaimana pendapat ulama kota Palangka Raya pasca penetapan Pengadilan Negeri pada status hukum jenis kelamin penderita ambiguous genitalia, (2) Bagaimana akibat hukum setelah penetapan jenis kelamin oleh Pengadilan Negeri dalam aspek ibadah dan wali nikah menurut pandangan ulama kota Palangka Raya. Tujuan penelitian yakni: (1) Pendapat ulama kota Palangka Raya pasca penetapan Pengadilan Negeri pada status hukum jenis kelamin penderita ambiguous genitalia, (2) Akibat hukum setelah penetapan jenis kelamin oleh Pengadilan Negeri dalam aspek ibadah dan wali nikah menurut pandangan ulama kota Palangka Raya.
Penelitian ini bertempat di Kota Palangka Raya dengan subjek penelitian yakni 5 (Lima) Ulama kota Palangka Raya dan objek penelitian ini adalah Penetapan Status Hukum Jenis Kelamin Penderita Ambiguous Genitalia. Jenis penelitian ini ialah penelitian lapangan atau penelitian empiris dengan menggunakan metode pendekatan kualitatif deskriptif. Teknik pengumpulan data dalam penelitian menggunakan teknik wawancara dan dokumentasi. Sedangkan Analisis data menggunakan metode Data Collection (Pengumpulan Data), Data Reduction (Pengurangan Data), Data Display (Penyajian Data), Data Conclousions Drawing/Verif ying (penarikan kesimpulan).
Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah: (1) Pendapat ulama kota Palangka Raya pasca penetapan Pengadilan Negeri pada status hukum jenis kelamin penderita ambiguous genitalia, apabila telah ditetapkan pengadilan maka dia telah jelas bisa dihukumi sesuai dengan penetapannya oleh Pengadilan Negeri, (2) Akibat hukum setelah penetapan jenis kelamin oleh pengadilan negeri dalam aspek ibadah yang lebih berfokus pada imam shalat menurut pandangan ulama kota Palangka Raya tidak membolehkan. Hal ini berdasarkan kehati-hatian. Dasar hukumnya dengan memakai hadis Nabi tentang larangan khunṡa menjadi imam shalat. Karena di belakangnnya masih ada kelamin perempuan. Tapi untuk wali nikah, semua ulama membolehkan asalkan memenuhi syarat menjadi wali nikah.

ABSTRACT

Ambiguous Genitalia was a rare case toward birth of 1: 5000 in the world. If it is not respected, it will be affected to legal status problem, whether someone will be concluded as man or woman. This also affects the problem of worship, munakahat, muamalah, inheritance and others. So that in this study it was focused on the problem of the legal status of the sex of ambiguous genitalia in positive law and legal consequences after determining the sex by the District Court on the matter of the prayer and marriage guardian according to the ulama's view of the city of Palangka Raya.
This study had two problem formulations, namely: (1) What is the opinion of the ulama of Palangka Raya after the determination of the District Court on the legal status of the sex of the ambiguous genitalia sufferer, (2) What is the legal effect after determining the sex by the District Court in the aspect worship and marriage guardian according to the views of ulama in Palangka Raya. The objectives of the study were: (1) The opinion of the ulama of the city of Palangka Raya was after the determination of the District Court on the legal status of the sex of the ambiguous genitalia sufferer, (2) legal consequences of determinating sex by the District Court in the aspect worship and marriage guardian according to the ulama's view in Palangka Raya.
This research was conducted in Palangka Raya with the subject of 5 (Five) Ulamas in Palangka Raya and the object of this research was the sex Determination toward Gender Status of Genitalia Ambiguous client. This type of research was field research or empirical research using descriptive qualitative approach, and the data collection techniques, researcher used interview and documentation techniques. While the data analysis used namely Data Collection method, Data Reduction, Data Display, Data Conclusion Drawing / verifying (drawing conclusions).
The results of this study revealed that: (1) The opinion of the ulama of Palangka Raya city after the determination of the District Court on the legal status of the sex of the ambiguous genitalia sufferer, if it has been determined by the court then he can clearly be punished according to his stipulation by the District Court, (2) Legal consequences of type determination the sex by the district court in the aspect of worship which focuses more on imam shalat according to the ulama's view in Palangka Raya-that is, it is not allowed. This is based on the circumspection as from the basic law of Prophet's hadith regarding the prohibition of khunṡa to become an imam shalat because there are still female sex behind her. But for marriage guardians, ulamas allow it as long as they are qualified in fulfilling the requirements as a marriage guardian.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kelamin Ganda; status hukum islam
Subjects: 18 LAW AND LEGAL STUDIES > 1801 Law > 180128 Islamic Family Law > 18012899 Islamic Family Law not elsewhere classified
Divisions: Fakultas Syariah > Jurusan Syariah > Program Studi Hukum Keluarga Islam
Depositing User: puttry puttry
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2019 01:11
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2020 02:54
URI: http://digilib.iain-palangkaraya.ac.id/id/eprint/1696

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