Constructing question sentences in simple present using wh-question by english department students of IAIN Palangkaraya

Ansyari, Rizki (2017) Constructing question sentences in simple present using wh-question by english department students of IAIN Palangkaraya. Undergraduate thesis, IAIN Palangka Raya.

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Abstract

The fundamental purposes of this study were to describe the types and causes of errors by the eighth semester students at constructing wh-question sentences. The research was conducted in State Islamic Institute of Palangka Raya for the English education department student who had passed the structure III. The types and causes of errors were analyzed by Dulay’s theory but the data were also found by doing semi-structured interview.
The writer used qualitative research and descriptive approach supported by quantitative data. In collecting the data the researcher used some techniques, namely: (1) test and (2) interview. Then the researcher analyzed the data used several techniques, namely: (1) identifying errors, (2) describing errors, (3) explaining errors, (4) errors evaluation. The subjects of this study were 10 English education department students who had passed structure III.
The result of this study was as follows: (1) from 10 students, there were 149 errors at constructing question sentence in simple present using wh-question. The errors were divided in 4 types of errors. There were 108 (73 %) misformation error, 24 (16 %) omission error, 12 (8 %) misordering errors 5 (3 %) addition errors. The interview result also strengthen the test result by showing 9 (90 %) difficulties in tenses, 7 (70 %) difficulties in auxiliary verbs, and 5 (50 %) difficulties in differences between L1 and L2. The common types of errors occurred by the eighth semester students of English education department of IAIN Palangka Raya is misformation, and the common causes of errors based on interview occurred by the eighth semester students is tenses problems.

ABSTRAK

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan jenis dan penyebab dari kesalahan – kesalahan para siswa dalam membuat kalimat tanya 5w + 1h. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di IAIN Palangka Raya ditujukan kepada mahasiswa pendidikan Bahasa Inggris yang telah lulus structure 3. Jenis dan penyebab kesalahan – kesalahan mahasiswa dianalisis dengan teori Dulay, namun penelitian ini juga ditambah dengan melakukan wawancara semi-tersusun.
Penulis menggunakan penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatan deskriptif juga didukung oleh data kuantitatif. Dalam proses pengumpulan data peneliti menggunakan beberapa teknik yaitu (1) test dan (2) wawancara. Kemudian peneliti menganalisa data dengan menggunakan beberapa teknik, yaitu (1) mengidentifikasi kesalahan, (2) mendeskrisipsikan kesalahan, (3) menjabarkan kesalahan , dan (4) evaluasi kesalahan. Adapun subjek dalam penelitian ini yaitu berjumlah 10 mahasiswa yang telah lulus mata kuliah structure III.
Hasil penelitian ini adalah sebagai berikut: (1) dari 10 mahasiswa yang menjadi sampel penelitian terdapat 149 kesalahan – kesalahan dalam membuat kalimat tanya dimasa sekarang dengan menggunakan kalimat tanya 5w + 1 h. Kesalahan – kesalahan tersebut terbagi menjadi 4 jenis kesalahan. Terdapat 108 (73 %) kesalahan dalam kesalahan bentuk, 24 (16 %) kesalahan penghilangan, 12 (8 %) kesalahan pengurutan, 5 (3 %) kesalahan penambahan. (2) Hasil interview memperkuat hasil tes tertulis dengan menunjukan 9 (90 %) kesulitan dalam tenses, 7 (70 %) kesulitan dalam urusan kata kerja bantu, dan 5 (50 %) kesulitan dalam perbedaan antara bahasa Ibu dan bahasa Inggris. Jenis kesalahan yang paling sering dilakukan mahasiswa Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris IAIN Palangka Raya adalah kesalahan bentuk kalimat, dan penyebab kesalahan paling sering terjadi berdasarkan hasil wawancara adalah permasalahan tenses.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kalimat tanya; 5W + 1H
Subjects: 20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2003 Language Studies > 200302 English Language
20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2004 Linguistics > 200408 Linguistic Structures (incl. Grammar, Phonology, Lexicon, Semantics) > 20040899 Linguistic Structures not elsewhere classified
Divisions: Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Ilmu Keguruan > Jurusan Pendidikan Bahasa > Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris
Depositing User: puttry puttry
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2018 00:05
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 00:05
URI: http://digilib.iain-palangkaraya.ac.id/id/eprint/1267

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